Candle Making Troubleshooting

Still trying to make the mysterious perfect candle? Candle making can be tricky (which is why we pay so much in the stores for them!!!) Below you'll find tons of helpful tips to help you correct most of the problems you might encounter.

Candle Appearance Problems

Cracks in the surface of your candle This often occurs when your candle was cooled too quickly. You can try heating your mold before pouring wax into it so that it cools more slowly. If you're using a water bath to cool the candle, use a slightly warmer water bath. Never place a candle in the freezer in order to cool it faster; you'll most likely get cracks.
Pits or bubbles in the surface of your candle. This also can happen when your candle is cooled too quickly and air bubbles to have the chance to escape. Try heating your mold before you pour your wax with a heat gun or a blow dryer. You may also want to try pouring your wax at a slightly higher temperature in order to get it to set more slowly. If these don't work, a warm water bath can also help get a nice smooth surface.
Dull surface. To get rid of a dull surface on your candles, try buffing it with a piece of nylon stockings. This should give your candle more of a shine.
Wet spots on your container candle "Wet Spots" can happen when the wax starts to pull away from the container of your container candle. You can prevent this by heating your container before you pour the wax into it. You can also try adding vybar to your melted wax. Use about a quarter of teaspoon per pound of wax for best results.

Candle Burning Problems

Candle Collapses This is generally a problem that only happens with pillar candles. It tends to occur when there are large air bubbles inside the candle. Next time, be sure to poke relief holes around the around the wick as it cools.
Excess wax on the sides of your container as it burns.

This usually happens when you've used a wick that is too small for your container. Try using a larger wick.

This can also happen if you burn your candle for too short of a time. As a rule of thumb, try to burn your candles for at least on hour for each inch in diameter of your candle. For example, if your candle has a diameter of 3 inches, you'll want to burn your candles for at least 3 hours in one sitting.

Candle burns straight down If your candle burns straight down the middle, your wick is probably too small. Otherwise, remember to burn your candle for at least one hour per inch in diameter as described above.
Smoking Wick Before you burn your candle, be sure to trim your wick to about 1/4 of an inch. Also, be sure to place your candle in a room without drafts. If your candle still smokes, your wick may be too large. Try a smaller wick.
Large Flame Your wick is probably too large for your candle. Try a smaller wick.
Small Flame This can happen for several reasons.
  • Your wick may be too small. Try a larger wick
  • Your wick may be getting clogged from using colorants or certain fragrances or essential oils.
  • You've used too many additives. Next time, decrease the amount of additives in your candle.
Wick Not Staying Lit If your wick gets drowned out from the melting wax and has difficulty staying lit, your wick may be too small. Next time, try using a larger wick.

Other Candle Making Problems

Candle Stuck in Mold

Before you begin candle making, make sure that you are using a mold that is is clean (free of melted wax) and not dented. Also, try giving your mold a good spray of silicone spray or vegetable oil before you pour your candle. Always wait until your candle cools completely before trying to remove it from the mold.

If your candle is still good and stuck, try placing it in the freezer for 10 minutes. This will shrink the wax enough so that your candle will pop right out. And remember, don't leave the candle in the freezer too long or your candle may get cracks from the low temperature.

Hot Scent Throw is Too Weak Hot scent throw is the amount of scent you get while burning your candle.

First of all, you want to make sure that you're using good quality fragrance oils. Some brands are simply do not give off as good scent throw as others. Experiment!

Make sure you are using the appropriate amount of fragrance oil. We recommend that you use one ounce of Crafter's Touch fragrance oil per pound of wax. Also, add your fragrance just before you are ready to pour your candle. If you add the fragrance while you are still heating the wax, some of the fragrance may burn off.

Finally, you want to make sure that your candle has a nice large melt pool while it burns. The larger the melt pool, the more scent it will give off. You can achieve this by finding the correct size wick for the size of the candle and the kind of wax that you're using.

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